Come installare Linux con XP a bordo

Scenario: You want to install Linux on your system which is already running Windows XP.

Tutorial Summary: We’re assuming that Windows XP is already up and running on your system. We’ll install Ubuntu 7.04 over the top to dualboot both operating system.

This tutorial has been tested on a VMWare Workstation 6 machine and an ASUS P5AD2-based Intel system with 2GB RAM and an 80GB Seagate SATA drive.

Download Ubuntu

The first thing is to make sure you have the Ubuntu Live CD. You can certainly use Ubuntu 7.04 for this tutorial instead and it should work pretty much the same. However, the screenshots won’t be the same and there may be some steps which don’t match.

You can grab a copy of Ubuntu 7.04 from here:

Burn the ISO to a CD and you’re ready to go.

Prepare the XP System

Fortunately there’s almost no preparation needed from the perspective of the XP partition. Of course it needs sufficient space to install Ubuntu, and you can certainly create this space manually using either the latest version of the GNOME Partition Editor (available here), or use the application from the Ubuntu Live CD.

However, Ubuntu will use the same partition managing tools during installation, so we can leave it until that stage of the install.

Install Ubuntu

Boot the XP machine from the Live CD and select “Start or install Ubuntu”.

Install UbuntuXP & Ubuntu – Install Ubuntu

Once the Live CD has loaded, double-click the Install icon on the desktop to start the installation process.
On the Welcome screen, choose your language and select Forward.
Install Ubuntu - LanguageXP & Ubuntu – Install Ubuntu – Language
On the “Where are you” (timezone) page, select your location and then Forward.
Install Ubuntu - TimezoneXP & Ubuntu – Install Ubuntu – Timezone

On the next screen, choose the appropriate keyboard layout and then Forward.

Install Ubuntu - KeyboardXP & Ubuntu – Install Ubuntu – Keyboard

Now Ubuntu loads the disk partitioner. The first option, to resize the main partition and use the freed space, is pretty much the best one to go with.

Dualboot - Partition DisksDualboot – Partition Disks

The default recommendation for the new partition size is optimal, but you can move the slider up and down to change it as you see fit. If you’re feeling brave, you can also manually edit the partition table, but unless you’re really confident about what you’re doing, this isn’t recommended.

Click Forward to continue.

Ubuntu now has enough information to install, so click Install and go make a coffee.

When the install is complete the system will reboot. When the GRUB boot menu is displayed, have a look at the last entry in the list.

After the Ubuntu boot options, there will be an entry “Other operating systems” and beneath that “Microsoft Windows XP Professional” (or Home, whichever version you’re using). By default Ubuntu will load itself after 10 seconds.

Dualboot - GRUB Boot MenuDualboot – GRUB Boot Menu

If you choose to boot Windows XP at this point, it will probably launch a check on its partition. This is because the partition has been resized since last boot, and it will want to run a consistency check to make sure there are no problems.

When XP loads, it will also probably detect new hardware (again, the resized partition) and will prompt to reboot.

Dualboot - Reboot XPDualboot – Reboot XP

On reboot it will probably run through another, longer consistency check and then reboot. This is the last time you’ll need to do this.

Configure GRUB

If you want to modify how GRUB handles the new dualbooting environment, you need to edit the boot menu. Boot into Ubuntu and open up a Terminal window (Applications, Accessories, Terminal), and type in:

sudo gedit /boot/grub/menu.lst

Dualboot - Configure Boot MenuDualboot – Configure Boot Menu

This opens up the boot menu as a text file in gedit.

Dualboot - Boot OptionsDualboot – Boot Options

There are loads of options you can change, but only a couple that you’re likely to be interested in. The default boot entry is defined by the “default” value.

The default value is 0, which means that the first entry in the list (which is Ubuntu) always gets loaded.

If you want to make it so that Windows XP loads by default, change the value to 4, as XP is the fifth item in the list (the numbering system starts at 0).

The other way to load Windows XP by default is to change the value for “default” from a numerical value to “saved”. Then, GRUB will load whichever boot entry has been marked with “savedefault”.

If you scroll down the list and have a look at the entries, you’ll notice that both the main Ubuntu entry and Windows XP have been marked with “savedefault”. Remove the value for Ubuntu and Windows XP will launch by default.

You can also increase the boot menu timeout – just change the value for “timeout”. You can also hide the GRUB boot menu by removing the hash in front of “hiddenmenu”. Save and exit gedit to keep any changes.

And that’s about it. Dualbooting Windows XP and Linux when Windows is installed first is by far the easiest method of dualbooting, because most up-to-date Linux distros are very aware and accommodating of other operating systems, and GRUB is an excellent and highly flexible bootloader.


Come installare XP con Linux a bordo

Scenario: You want to install XP on your machine alongside your existing Linux installation, on the same drive. You have installed Ubuntu already.

Tutorial Summary: We’re going to use the Gnome Partition Editor (Gparted) from the Ubuntu LiveCD to shrink the main Ubuntu data partition on the hard disk and create enough space for an installation of XP.

We’ll then install XP, and, because XP overwrites the master boot record, we’ll restore the GRUB boot loader so that either XP or Linux can be selected at boot time.

This is an updated tutorial from our previous Linux/XP workshop. That version was written using Ubuntu 6.10, whereas this tutorial was written for Ubuntu 7.04.

These steps have been tested in both an ASUS P5AD2-based system with an 80GB Seagate SATA drive and a VMWare 6 virtual machine.

Prepare the Ubuntu System

The assumption is that the Ubuntu system has been installed on a single hard drive which has enough space to accommodate both operating systems.

The first step is to create enough space on the disk to install Windows XP. The Ubuntu Live CD does contains GNOME Partition Editor, which can be used to resize Linux partitions, but the Live CD for Ubuntu 7.04 has an annoying tendency to mount the filesystem while it’s checking it. This causes an partition work to bring up an error. It does work, but it’s messy. So instead we’ll use the GParted LiveCD, which acts independently of the OS and doesn’t give us any grief.

The GParted LiveCD ISO is available here – burn it to CD and boot the system from the disc. The version we used was 0.3.4-7.

Boot the Ubuntu machine from the GParted LiveCD. Depending on your system, you should just need to select the auto-configuration boot option.

Ubuntu & Vista - GParted

During boot, press Enter twice when prompted to select the keymap and language settings. When the main GUI loads, right-click on the main partition (depending on your setup, probably /dev/sda1) and select Resize/Move.

Ubuntu & Vista - GParted Resize

Use the slider to create sufficient space to house the XP installation then click Resize/Move.

Ubuntu & Vista - GParted Resize 2

Once that’s done, quit GParted and reboot the machine from the Windows XP CD.

Now, install Windows XP

Once the CD has loaded, press Enter to install Windows XP, then F8 to accept the license agreement.

When the partition screen loads, you can see that Windows Setup can see the two existing Ubuntu partitions and has interestingly assigned them drive letters (even though it can’t read them.)

The space we’ve just created is also there, so select that and hit Enter.

Windows XP - Select PartitionWindows XP – Select Partition

Because the primary active partition (/dev/hda1) has been marked as bootable, Windows can’t be installed until this partition has been marked inactive so that the new partition can take over. This is pretty much the same as installing Windows Vista. Hit Enter to make this change and then format the new partition.

Windows XP - Mark Partition ActiveWindows XP – Mark Partition Active

Unfortunately because XP detected the two Ubuntu partitions and assigned them drive letters, the new partition which Windows is going to be installed on will be assigned drive letter F:, which is definitely a non-standard drive letter for Windows.

However, it’s not that much of a problem – at least as far as Windows and therefore most other intelligent applications go.

It could be a problem for older apps which don’t look to the Windows settings and make assumptions about where they can install themselves (for example, apps that are hard coded to install to Drive C).

Reboot the system once Windows is installed and you’ll see that it boots straight into XP. Ubuntu’s GRUB bootloader in the MBR (Master Boot Record) has been overwritten, so Ubuntu isn’t bootable at this point in time.

There are ways to make the Ubuntu partition bootable while still using XP’s bootloader in the MBR. However this is fiddly and involves using FAT32 partitions, as FAT32 is readable by both XP and Ubuntu. Wherever possible I avoid using FAT32 – it’s nowhere near as optimised as NTFS, and you lose out on all the enhanced security and permissions features.

Reinstating GRUB as the system bootloader is a much better alternative – it handles pretty much any operating system you care to throw at it, and it’s very easy to administer.

Reinstall GRUB to the MBR

The next step is to reinstate GRUB as the system bootloader. Boot the system using the Ubuntu Live CD.

Go into the GNOME Partition Editor and you can see that the Windows XP Partition is detected as /dev/hda2 and has been marked as the boot partition.

It can actually stay as the boot partition, but as we’re going to reinstall GRUB it makes sense to change this – it doesn’t adversely effect XP.

Right-click the Windows partition and select Manage Flags.

Untick “boot” and select Close.

Then right-click the primary Ubuntu partition (/dev/hda1), select Manage Flags and tick “boot”, then Close. Done.

GParted - Manage FlagsGParted – Manage Flags

GParted - Mark BootableGParted – Mark Bootable

Now to reinstall GRUB. Open up Terminal (Applications, Accessories, Terminal) and type in:

sudo grub

GRUB - sudo grub

This will launch the GRUB application. Now type in:

find /boot/grub/stage1

GRUB - find grub

This will search for where GRUB has been installed, and you should get the result hd(0,0).

Change the active root to this location by typing in:

root (hd0,0)

Now we’re going to reinstall GRUB to the MBR rather than the Ubuntu partition.

If we were going to use the Windows XP bootloader then we’d reinstall GRUB to hd(0,0), but as we’re not, type in:

setup (hd0)

GRUB - reinstall grub to MBR

This restores GRUB to the MBR. Type in QUIT and then EXIT to get out of GRUB and Terminal respectively, then reboot the system. Ubuntu will load by default.

Modify the Boot Menu

What we need to do now is modify the GRUB boot menu to allow Windows XP to load. Boot the system into Ubuntu and go to Terminal. Type in:

sudo gedit /boot/grub/menu.lst


This loads the GRUB menu file (which is basically a text file) within GEdit.

Navigate down to the section which after “## ## End Default Options ##”.

These are the individual menu items in the GRUB menu.

Ubuntu & XP - GRUB MenuUbuntu & XP – GRUB Menu

To create a new entry, navigate down to the end of the list (although it can go anywhere really) and enter the following lines:

title Windows XP

root (hd0,1)

makeactivechainloader +1

GRUB - Windows XP boot option

This places an item in the boot menu to launch Windows XP from its own partition (hd0,1).

If you like, scroll up to the top of MENU.LST and find the line called TIMEOUT.

The numerical value assigned to TIMEOUT dictates how long you’ve got to go into the boot menu (in seconds) before the default boot item loads.

When configuring a dual-/multi-boot system I find it better to increase this value.

GRUB - timeout

Just above TIMEOUT is DEFAULT. This specifies which boot entry is the default.

The numbering system starts at 0 and counts upwards, so the DEFAULT = 0 means that Ubuntu is always the default entry.

If you want Windows XP to be the default, replace the value.

GRUB - default

Save MENU.LST and exit from GEdit, then restart the system.

Hit ESC when prompted to bring up the boot menu, and there’s the newly-created Windows XP entry.

Navigate to this boot item and hit Enter – Windows XP will load.

Uninstalling Windows XP

If you decide after a while that this dualbooting situation is no good and you wish to scrap Windows XP, it’s actually very easy.

Go through the process outlined above to modify the MENU.LST and remove the Windows boot entry.

Then boot off the Ubuntu Live CD and go into GNOME Partition Editor. Right-click the Windows partition (/dev/hda2) and select Delete.

GParted - Delete Partition

Then right-click the main Ubuntu partition (/dev/hda1) and select Resize/Move.

Drag the edge of the partition to reclaim the space you’ve just freed up by deleting the Windows XP partition and click Resize.

There will now be two actions waiting in the Operations window. Hit Apply and these changes are made.

GParted - Remove Windows XP

This take your system right back to the start before Windows was installed, and is actually quite a graceful exit from the dualboot scenario.


Come installare XP con Windows Vista a bordo

Scenario: You want to install Vista on your PC alongside your XP installation, on the same drive. You have installed Vista already.Tutorial Summary: We’re going to use the DISKPART on the Vista DVD to shrink the Vista partition on the hard disk and create enough space for an installation of Vista. We’ll then install XP, repair the Vista bootloader which will be overwritten during the XP installation, and then use the EasyBCD utility to configure Vista’s bootloader to boot the XP partition.

This is an updated tutorial, based on our first Windows Vista/XP dual-booting workshop. The main difference is that EasyBCD has been updated, but the processes are essentially unchanged.

This tutorial was tested on a VMWare 6 Workstation and an AcerPower SK50 system.

Prepare Windows Vista

This tutorial assumes that Vista has been installed on a partition which takes up 100% of the hard drive, so we need to create some space. Boot off the Vista DVD. Hit Next from the start screen and then select “Install now”. (If Vista came preinstalled on your machine and you don’t have a Vista install DVD, you can use the Gnome Partition Editor Gparted to do it. Our earlier tutorial on dual-booting XP and Vista if you’ve installed XP first describes how to use it.)

Install VistaInstall Vista

Don’t type in your product key and untick “Automatically activate Windows when I’m online”, then hit “Next”, and “No” when asked whether you want to enter the key.

Vista Product KeyVista Product Key

When prompted to choose the edition of Vista you’re installing you can actually select any of them as we’re not doing a Vista install at this point. Also tick “I have selected the edition of Windows that I purchased” and hit “Next”.

Vista VersionVista Version

Accept the license terms and hit “Next” again, then choose a Custom installation.

On the screen where you’re asked where you want to install Windows, you should see a single large partition marked Primary – this is where Vista is already installed.

Vista PartitionVista Partition

Press SHIFT + F10. This is a Windows PE 2.0 shortcut to open up a command window – very useful trick.

Command ToolCommand Tool

Type in DISKPART and press Enter. This opens the Microsoft DiskPart application. You need to select the active disk, so type in:

list disk

The primary disk is generally Disk 0, so type in:

select disk 0


Now we need a list of volumes on this disk, so type in:

list volume

In this case Volume 0 is the one we want, so type in:

select volume 0


Now type in:



DiskPart will go off and reclaim as much of the drive as it can – you should get at least 50% of the space back.

Now type



EXIT (again)

to quit the command window and get back to the install screen. Click Refresh and the partition window will update – you should now see the original Primary partition plus a brand new partition.

New PartitionsNew Partitions

This is where we will install Windows XP. Eject the DVD, restart the machine (just hit the reset button) and boot off the Windows XP CD.

Now, install Windows XP

When the Windows XP setup reaches the point where you’re prompted where it is to be installed, you’ll see that while XP can see the space we created earlier, it can also see the partition with Vista on it.

XP PartitionXP Partition

You should be able to see the space you reclaimed on the disk earlier which has become “unallocated space”.

Create a second partition using the Windows XP installer screen above by selecting the free space on the drive and pressing “C” to create a partition (if prompted, choose NTFS as the file system.)

Irritatingly, XP assigns a drive letter to this partition (C:) which means that it will use the next available drive letter after all the other physical drives have been taken into account.

This means that the system drive of the XP installation won’t be C:.

From XP’s perspective this isn’t really a problem – it’s smart enough to figure out where everything should go – but some applications make assumptions about where they should install to, and can’t cope with a non-standard Windows configuration.

This was also the case with our tutorial on dualbooting Ubuntu and XP, where Ubuntu had been installed first. However in that scenario, even though the XP system drive had a non-standard drive letter, it couldn’t read the Linux partitions so there was no danger of the two systems overlapping. This is not the case with Vista/XP.

Nonetheless, install XP as normal – there’s no need to do anything differently.

IMPORTANT NOTEafter the initial file copy, Windows XP reboots and loads up the GUI-based component of the install. You may get the following error: “A disk read error occurred – press Ctrl-Alt-Del to continue”. This is caused by a corrupt bootloader – click here to see how to fix this problem.

When the system reboots it won’t bring up a boot menu. Although XP recognises the Vista partition it doesn’t recognise Vista itself.

The Windows XP bootloader gets installed to the MBR and Vista can no longer boot.

When XP loads, open up Windows Explorer and you’ll see something interesting – a C: and (in this case) an E: drive.

The C: drive contains Windows Vista, and as Windows XP can read NTFS partitions, it can browse and modify Vista’s file structure.

More importantly, applications which have installation paths hard-coded into their install scripts rather than using Windows system parameter variables could easily dump files into C: when they should be installing to E:. This isn’t such a great situation.

Two DrivesTwo Drives

Restoring Vista and dual booting

Because you can’t use the Windows XP bootloader to boot Vista, we have to reinstate Vista’s bootloader to the MBR and configure it to manage both operating systems.

Compared with scenarios involving Ubuntu where you have to reinstall the GRUB bootloader, getting Vista up and operational again is very easy.

Boot from the Vista DVD and on the screen where you’re prompted to “Install now”, select “Repair your computer”.

Repair VistaRepair Vista

The next screen searches for local Vista installations – there should only be one, so click Next.

Choose VistaChoose Vista

This loads the System Recovery Options screen. Select the first option – Startup Repair. This looks for problems which would prevent Vista from loading (like a missing bootloader) and automatically fixes them.

Startup RepairStartup Repair

If you click on “Click here for diagnostic and repair details” and scroll to the bottom of the list, it shows that the problem detected and repaired was a corrupt boot sector (according to Vista, anyway).

Repair DiagnosticsRepair Diagnostics

Click Close and then Finish, and the system will restart and boot into Vista.

Now we need to enable dualbooting with XP, and EasyBCD is the best application to achieve this.

Download and install EasyBCD.

Launch the app and go to Add/Remove Entries.

Under “Add an Entry” and under the Windows tab and select in the Version drop-down list “Windows NT/2k/XP/2k3”.

Change the Drive to E:\ and the name to “Windows XP”, then click “Add Entry” and “Save”.

Vista & XP - EasyBCDVista & XP – EasyBCD

Reboot the system and you’ll have two entries in the Vista bootloader, and can boot into either operating system.

Vista BootloaderVista Bootloader

Removing Windows XP

If you eventually decide that dualbooting XP as the second OS isn’t all it’s cracked up to be, it’s pretty easy to undo the changes made.

Use EasyBCD to remove the Windows XP boot entry, and then go into Computer Management (right-click on Computer, Manage) and go to Disk Management.

Right-click E: drive (the Windows XP partition) and select Delete Volume.

Right-click the newly-created partition and select Delete Partition.

Then right-click the C: drive (the Vista system partition) and click Extend Volume – this opens up the Extend Volume Wizard.

Extend Volume WizardExtend Volume Wizard

The wizard gives you a readout on how much space is actually available to extend the partition – enter in how much you want to use and press Next. Vista will extend the system partition to reclaim the disk and Windows is well and truly gone.

Fixing the corrupt bootloader

If the Windows XP bootload corrupts during the install, performing a reinstall won’t fix it, nor will going into the XP Recovery Mode and attempting to repair the MBR.

Luckily, the install was up to the stage where all you need to do is be able to boot from the Windows XP partition, and the install will pick up from where it left off.

To achieve this, follow the procedure outlined above to restore the Vista bootloader (under “Restoring Vista and Dualbooting“).

This allows the system to boot into Vista, and then you can use EasyBCD to create an XP boot entry and boot into that to continue on with XP’s installation. (For details on using EasyBCD, also see the section “Restoring Vista and Dualbooting“.)


Come installare Windows Vista con XP a bordo


Scenario: You want to install Vista on your PC alongside your XP installation, on the same drive. You have already installed XP.

Tutorial Summary: We’re going to use the DISKPART utility on the Vista DVD to shrink the Windows XP partition on the hard disk and create enough space for an installation of Vista. We’ll then install Vista and use the EasyBCD utility to modify Vista’s bootloader to get XP loading properly.

This is an updated tutorial,based on our first Windows XP/Vista dual-booting workshop. The main difference is that we’re covering using both the latest version of GParted and DISKPART to shrink the Windows XP partition.

DISKPART can shrink NTFS partitions and it’s certainly the more convenient option, but on some systems using DISKPART to shrink the volume will fail, with an vague “Access is denied” error.

This may have something to do with different disk controllers, as this was a problem on the AcerPower test system which has a SATA hard drive, but not on the VMWare system which uses a virtual IDE controller. So we’ll cover both processes

EasyBCD has also been updated since the first tutorial was written.

This tutorial was tested on a VMWare Workstation 6 virtual machine and an AcerPower SK50.

Get Started – Using GParted

We assume that before you start this tutorial, you have backed up the drive (partitions and data) that will host the two operating systems.

Your first step will be to modify the Windows XP system partition to make space for Vista using GParted

The GParted Live CD ISO is available here – burn it to CD and boot the system from the disc. The version we used was 0.3.4-7.

Boot the Linux machine from the GParted LiveCD. Depending on your system, you should just need to select the auto-configuration boot option.

Ubuntu & Vista - GParted

During boot, press Enter twice when prompted to select the keymap and language settings.

When the main GUI loads, right-click on the main Windows XP NTFS partition (depending on your setup, probably /dev/hda1) and select Resize/Move.

XP & Vista - Resize PartitionXP & Vista – Resize Partition
Use the slider to reduce the partition size and free up enough room to instal Vista (at least 10GB) and click Resize/Move.

XP & Vista - Resize Partition 2XP & Vista – Resize Partition 2

The changes haven’t actually been made, they’ve just been scheduled to run. To commit the changes and resize the partition, click Apply. GParted will ask to confirm the changes – hit OK and away you go.

Get Started – Using DISKPART

Boot the machine from the Vista DVD. Select the appropriate language and then “Install Now”.

XP & Vista - Load VistaXP & Vista – Load Vista

On the produt key page, press SHIFT + F10 to launch a Windows PE 2.0 command window. Then type in DISKPART and press enter to get into the DISKPART utility.


Now type in LIST VOLUME – this gives you a readout of the volumes available on the system. Select the main Windows XP volume (probably Volume 0) by typing in SELECT VOLUME 0.

XP & Vista - DISKPART VolumeXP & Vista – DISKPART Volume

Now type in SHRINK. Vista will reduce the size of Volume 0 (the selected Volume) by around 50%.

XP & Vista - DISKPART ShrinkXP & Vista – DISKPART Shrink

Once that is done, type in EXIT and EXIT again to get back to the Vista installation window.

Now Install Vista

If you used the GParted LiveCD to shrink the XP partition, you’ll need to reboot the system from the Vista install DVD. If you’ve used DISKPART then you just need to continue the installation.
Once the install gets to the install location, there should be at least two options: a partition marked as Primary and unallocated space. Select the unallocated space and click Next. The install will then commence.
XP & Vista - Install VistaXP & Vista – Install Vista

The Vista boot manager will take over the system completely, and Windows XP effectively loads via Vista. It’s all pretty seamless though, and you shouldn’t encounter any technical problems.

Modify Vista’s Bootloader

Once Vista is installed and the system reboots, you’ll be presented with a boot menu with two options: “Microsoft Windows Vista” and “An Earlier Version of Windows”.

XP & Vista - Boot MenuXP & Vista – Boot Menu

This is perhaps a little bit bland, so you’ll probably want to change it. Here’s where one of the new features of Vista comes in, and it’s not so terrific. In Windows XP if you want to modify the bootloader, just right-click on My Computer, select Properties, go to the Advanced Tab, and click Settings under Startup and Recovery, then click Edit. This opens a local file – boot.ini. It’s just a standard text file and you can change pretty much anything. Unfortunately it’s not that easy in Vista – you can still navigate to the Startup and Recovery settings, but all you can do is select which operating system is the default and modify the timeout settings.

To edit Vista’s boot manager you have to use the command line BCDEDIT utility. To access BCDEDIT, run the Command Window as an administrator and type in BCDEDIT.

Unfortunately BCDEDIT isn’t an easy tool to come to terms with, especially as it’s purely command line-driven. So, a great tool to use here is EasyBCD by NeoSmart Technologies. EasyBCD offers a GUI frontend to BCDEDIT, and makes life much easier.

Once Vista is installed, call up the browser and navigate to the EasyBCD download page – download, install and launch the application.

To configure the bootloader go to “Configure Boot” – you’ll see the two entries, for XP and Vista. To change the name of Windows XP, just overwrite “Earlier Version of Windows” with “Windows XP” and click Save Settings.

XP & Vista - Modify BootXP & Vista – Modify Boot

Reboot the system and the changes are visible. You have a dual-booting Vista and XP system. That’s all there is to it.

XP & Vista - Changed BootXP & Vista – Changed Boot

Open up Windows Explorer and there’s two hard drives – the primary disk running Vista and the secondary disk with XP installed. Restart the system and load up Windows XP, and the XP disk is now the primary, with the Vista partition running on the secondary D: drive

If you decide that dual-booting Vista and XP is not for you, EasyBCD lets you wind back the clock.

All you have to do is remove Vista’s boot manager – go to “Manage Bootloader”, select “Uninstall the Vista Bootloader” and then “Write MBR”. Restart the machine and that’s it – the XP boot loader is the only one left on the system and XP loads. You can then delete the Vista partition and use GParted to re-extend the partition to take up the entire disk, or the Extend command in Vista DISKPART.


Comandi veloci per Windows XP

Ecco dei comandi che potete impartire da start–>programmi–>esegui

CALC – calcolatrice
CIADV.MSC – servizio di indicizzazione
CERTMGR.MSC – gestione certificati
CLEANMGR – pulitura disco
CLICONFG – utilità di rete del client di SQL server
CLIPBRD – visualizza il contenuto degli appunti
CMD accede al prompt del dos
CMSTP – programma di installazione profilo connection manager
COMP – confronta il contenuto di due file o di gruppi di file
COMPMGMT.MSC – gestione computer
CONF – esegue la configurazione di Net meeting
CONTROL USERPASSWORDS2 – account utenti avanzato
CONTROL ADMINTOOLS – strumenti di amministrazione
CONTROL COLOR – proprietà schermo
CONTROL DESKTOP – proprietà desktop
CONTROL FOLDERS – proprietà cartella
CONTROL FONTS – cartella caratteri
CONTROL INTERNATIONAL – opzioni internazionali e della lingua
CONTROL KEYBOARD – proprietà tastiera
CONTROL MOUSE – proprietà mouse
CONTROL NETCONNECTIONS – connessioni di rete
CONTROL TELEPHONY – opzioni modem telefono
DCPROMO Inizia l’installazione di active directory
DCOMCNFG – servizi componenti
DDESHARE – strumento per la creazione e gestione di condivisioni DDE
DEFRAG C: -B – riorganizzazione facilitata dei files tramite Prefetching
DEVMGMT.MSC – gestione periferiche
DFRG.MSC – strumento per la deframmentazione
DISKMGMT.MSC Gestione supporto dati
DIALER – connessione telefonica
DISKMGMT.MSC – gestione disco
DRWTSN32 – dottor Watson
DVDPLAY.exe – Windows Media player
DXDIAG – diagnostica directx
EXCEL – Excel
EXPLORER – esplora risorse
EUDCEDIT – editor di caratteri personalizzati
EVENTVWR – visualizzatore eventi
FIREFOX – Firefox Browser
FSMGMT.MSC – condivisione cartelle
GPEDIT.MSC – criteri di gruppo (solo per windows prosessional)
HELPCTR – avvia guida in linea e supporto tecnico
HYPERTRM – avvio di hyper terminal
IEXPLORE – apre internet explorer
IEXPRESS – procedura guidata che permette di creare archivi autoestraenti e autoinstallanti
IRFTP – collegamento senza fili
JETCOMP – database compact utility
LABEL – crea cambia o elimina l’etichetta di volume di un disco
LUSRMGR.MSC – gestione utenti locali e gruppi
MMC – Microsoft Management Console
MPLAYER2.EXE MediaPlayer 6.4
MOZILLA – Mozilla Browser
MSCONFIG – utilità configurazione Microsoft
MSINFO32 – Microsoft System Information
MSINFO32 /? – opzioni della riga di comando per Microsoft System Information
MSINFO32 /COMPUTER BIGSERVER – visualizzazione di Microsoft System Information da un computer remoto
MSINFO32 /MOSTRACATEGORIE – lista delle categorie di Microsoft System Information (in italiano)
MSINFO32 /NFO C:\NOME CARTELLA\CONFIG.NFO – creazione di un file nfo sulla configurazione del computer
MSINFO32 /PCH – cronologia del sistema da Microsoft System Information
MSINFO32 /REPORT C:\NOME CARTELLA\CONFIG.TXT – creazione di un file txt sulla configurazione del computer
MSINFO32 /SHOWCATEGORIES – lista delle categorie di Microsoft System Information (in inglese)
MSPAINT – paint
NERO – Ahead Nero
NETSH DIAG GUI – diagnosi delle connessioni di rete
NOTEPAD C:BOOT.INI – visualizzazione boot.ini
NTMSMGR.MSC – gestione archivi rimovibili
NTMSOPRQ.MSC – richiesta operatore su gestione archivi rimovibili
OSK – tastiera su schermo
PERFMON – prestazioni del pc
RECOVER – recupera informazioni da un disco o file danneggiato
RASPHONE – connessione di rete
REGEDIT – registro di sistema
REGEDT32 – registro di sistema
REGSVR32 /U [nome libreria] – disabilitazione di una libreria
REGSVR32 [nome libreria] – registrazione di una libreria
RTCSHARE – apre una sessione per la condivisione di applicazioni RTC
SFC /SCANNOW – controllo integrià file system
SECPOL.MSC – impostazioni di sicurezza
SERVICES.MSC – servizi del sistema
SIGVERIF – verifica firma file e driver
SHUTDOWN -s -t 00 – arresto sistema
SHRPUBW – condivisione file e cartelle
SYSTEMINFO – informazioni sul sistema
SYSEDIT – apre in modifica tutti i file critici del sistema (AUTOEXEC.BAT, CONFIG.SYS, WIN.INI, SYSTEM.INI)
SNDVOL32 – controllo volume
TASKLIST – lista dei processi attivi
TASKKILL – termina i processi su macchine remote
TASKMGR – task manager windows
TCMSETUP – guida all’installazione del cliente di telefonia
TELNET – telnet
TYPE – visualizza il contenuto di un file testo
UNDELETE – Ripristina i file cancellati precendentemente(delete)
UNFORMAT – Ripristina i file cancellati precendentemente(format)
VER – visualizza la versione di ms-dos in uso
VERIFIER – utilità diagnostica dei drivers di sistema
VOL – visualizza l’etichetta e il numero di serie di volume del disco
WIAACMGR – acquisizione guidata immagini
WBEMTEST – tester di strumentazione gestione windows
WINCHAT – utility per chattare della microsoft
WINVER – mostra la versione di windows installata sul pc
WIN.INI – visualizzazione win.ini
%APPDATA% – apre C:\Documents and Settings\nome utente\Dati applicazioni
%SYSTEMROOT%\SYSTEM32\RESTORE\RSTRUI.EXE – avvio di ripristino configurazione di sistema
%windir%\Help\keyshort.chm – tasti scelta rapida

Come velocizzare accensione e spegnimento computer con Windows XP

Registro di sistema (Start -> Esegui -> regedit) e andiamo in:
[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop]

e modifichiamo i valori delle seguenti chiavi:

“HungAppTimeout”=”1000” – (default=5000)
“WaitToKillAppTimeout”=”1000” – (default=20000)

Dopodichè andiamo in:


e modifichiamo anche:

“WaitToKillServiceTimeout”=”1000” – (default=20000)

Dopodichè andiamo in:


e modifichiamo anche:

“WaitToKillServiceTimeout”=”1000” – (default=20000)Attenzione: non apportate modifiche maggiori per non creare instabilità al sistema operativo! Il registro di sistema, in teoria, non lo si deve assolutamente toccare in quanto è stato settato per far funzionare ottimamente il sistema operativo (in questo caso Windows XP).